Muscavado sugar mill ruins on Zayco Farm in Barangay Namocon, Tigbauan, Iloilo. It located on a Barangay road which leaves the National Highway opposite the Sol y Mar Resort entrance and comes out at the Tigbauan-Leon highway near the Tigbauan National High School. The Zayco farm is one of the largest in the area, although its size was reduced during land redistribution during the Marcos era. Some of these photos were provided by the Zayco family.
Zayco farm house which was located across what is now a barangay road from the sugar mill. We were told that before WW II, that the farm employed a Japanese worker who turned out to be a spy or informer for the Japanese invasion forces. We were told that since this person had been well treated while employed on the farm, that he gave a warning to the family regarding the impending Japanese invasion and told them to flee. The family took a few possessions and retreated to the mountains beyond Leon. During the war this farm house was used as a headquarters by the Japanese. Once the war was over, the farm house was burned by local residents who may not of wished the family to return and reassert control over the farm lands. This photo is said to have been taken in 1914.
This photo is said to be of the construction of the Zayco sugar mill. Almost all the land in the area now grows rice or are used for pasture, formerly sugar cane was the main crop.
This photo is said to be of a sugar mill rail line, formerly on the Zayco Farm. It would have transported cane from the surrounding fields to the mill for processing.
Photo from Zayco family labelled “centrifuga”. There is a manufacturer’s plaque on the machinery in the photo. With a magnifying glass we were able to make out the words “Watson” and “Glasgow”. It seems to be fair to assume that this is a sugar centrifuge used to separate the sugar crystals from the molasses from cane. Compare this machinery from the illustration below.
This is an ad from “machinery and equipment of the sugar cane factory” dated 1937.
We have also been told that the mill chimney was damaged by the January 25, 1948 “Lady Caycay” earthquake, the second largest earthquake in Philippine recorded history.
Today the agricultural land surrounding the mill ruins are mostly rice land, but formerly were planted with sugar cane. The mill ruins are set in a very pretty grove of large Acacia trees.If anyone has information on the mill and its history please share it in the comment box below.