Philippine Trees and Garden Flowers

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This is our album of tropical flowers, plants, and trees we have seen in the Philippines.  You can see more tropical tree, shrub and vine photos and descriptions at http://www.flowersofindia.net/index.html While the site is Indian, like the Philippines, tropical plants from all over the world are enjoyed there.  We love our copy of the book Tropical Plants for Home and Garden by William Warren and published by Thames and Hudson.

A double-blossom Clitoria ternatea (pukingan in Tagalog)

A vivid blue double-blossom Clitoria ternatea (pukingan in Tagalog).  This is a leguminous vine

We are calling this a striped lily but help us out with the real name!

Thanks to reader Danielle who says that it is called the Stargazer Lilly.  Thanks to reader Rex who identifies it as Hippeastrum reticulatu

Our little Frangipani (Plumara) just won't stop blooming even though it's only 3' high.

Our little Frangipani (Plumara) just won’t stop blooming even though it’s only 3′ high.

Cockscomb (Tigbauan, Iloilo)

Cockscomb (Tigbauan, Iloilo)

 

 

 

 

Spiral Ginger (Costus speciosus) see http://www.stuartxchange.com/Tabubungiau.html

On my morning walk in Tigbauan, Iloilo: Spiral Ginger (Costus speciosus) see http://www.stuartxchange.com/Tabubungiau.html

Achuete (bixa orellana) Used as a food coloring

Achuete (bixa orellana) in English Annatto
Used as a food coloring

Annatto bush, Tigbauan Iloilo

Bilbergia pyramidalis. Common Names Fool Proof Plant, Flaming Torch, Summer Torch

Bilbergia pyramidalis. Common Names Fool Proof Plant, Flaming Torch, Summer Torch

In Chinese "Ri Ri Ying", which means "Every-day-flowered Cherry Blossom" [jatropha pandurifolia]

In Chinese “Ri Ri Ying”, which means “Every-day-flowered Cherry Blossom”
[jatropha pandurifolia]  Does anyone know the local name (Tagalog or Ilonggo)? Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines

Pasaw (Pseuderanthemum reticulatum)

Pasaw (Pseuderanthemum reticulatum).  Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines

Oleander (Nerium oleander) A tall bush with lance-shaped leaves which always seems to be in flower. This is a close-up of one group of blooms in our garden.

Above: Oleander (Nerium oleander) A tall bush with lance-shaped leaves which always seems to be in flower. This is a close-up of one group of blooms in our garden. Native to the Mediterranean region.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Below: Candle Bush (Senna alataknown to my wife as the Acapulco.  It’s native to Mexico, perhaps brought by a Spanish friar, and grows VERY vigorously here as a weed.  I have not seen it intentionally planted in a garden but it is beautiful.  We suspect it might be hard to control if planted in ones Philippine garden.

Senna alata

Senna alata

 

This first is a pretty "weed" growing in our unmowed Philippine "lawn"

Thanks to reader Precious for the identification of this one.   The mystery flower is called ‘wayside tuberose’ (Ruellia tuberosa) also known as Minnie Root, Fever Root, Sheep Potato, Popping Plant and Cracker plant. Please look for Ruellia Tuberosa in wikipedia.

 

Our Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (Brunfelsia panciflora) is doing really well now. It's VERY fragrant. On first day is lavender, fades to almost pure white after three days. In our Tigbauan, Iloilo garden.

Our Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (Brunfelsia panciflora) is doing really well now. It’s VERY fragrant. On first day is lavender, fades to almost pure white after three days. In our Tigbauan, Iloilo garden.  This plant is a native of Brazil.  See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brunfelsia_pauciflora

A closer view of the Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow,

A closer view of the Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow,

Here is a shrub we bought somewhere but can't find in our reference book. Can anyone help? The leaves are more greyish than the photos shows.

Thanks to reader Connie Brennan for identifying this as Leucophyllum Frutescens “Texas Sage”

This second purple flower is not a "weed" but is a domesticated flowering plant. It's hardy, grows fast and always seems to be blooming. What is it?

Thanks to reader Milette of Dallas, Texas for identifying this flower as the “Mexican Petunia”  also known as Mexican Bluebell or Britton’s Petunia (Ruellia simplex).  In Florida authorities consider it as an unwanted invasive species.  It is easy to grow and much appreciated in our garden.

Roadside Banaba Tree (Pride of India), National Highway, Miagao, Iloilo

Roadside Banaba Tree (Pride of India), National Highway, Miagao, Iloilo.  Many herbal uses.  See http://www.stuartxchange.org/Banaba.html

banaba_close

Banaba flowers

Can anyone suggest what tree this is. Panay Island, Philippines, May 2015

Thanks to Mary Grace Saldajeno for the ID of the tree shown above. “I think the tree in the first photo is Neem. Its scientific name is Azadirachta indica.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azadirachta_indica. Neem trees are quite everywhere in Panay island.”  It is also called the Indian Lilac.  .

wadle-2

Acacia pycnantha, commonly known as the golden wattle. It’s in the Acacia family.  It’s a really fast grower so if you want shade quickly Wattle is a good choice.  Also, it’s easy to propagate by pushing cuttings into moist soil. Thanks to reader Aries Ativo, “I think the ACACIA PYCNANTHA that you mentioned is actually Acacia auriculiformis”

HELICONIA, HANGING LOBSTERCLAW (HELICONIA ROSTRATA). MONTEBELLO VILLA HOTEL, CEBU CITY, PHILIPPINES

HELICONIA, HANGING LOBSTERCLAW (HELICONIA ROSTRATA). MONTEBELLO VILLA HOTEL, CEBU CITY, PHILIPPINES

Unknown, San Juan Street, Molo, Iloilo City, Philippines

Morning Glory Bush (Ipomoea carnea), San Juan Street, Molo, Iloilo City, Philippines.  Thanks to Wendy for the ID!

Unknown, San Juan Street, Molo, Iloilo City, Philippines

Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima), San Juan Street, Molo, Iloilo City, Philippines

Detail: Is this Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima)?, San Juan Street, Molo, Iloilo City, Philippines

Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima), San Juan Street, Molo, Iloilo City, Philippines

Flame Tree (Delobix regia) San Juan Street, Iloilo City Philippines

Flame Tree (Delonix regia) San Juan Street, Iloilo City Philippines

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Acacia tree in blossom, March 2013, Bagumbayan, Tigbauan, Iloilo Philippines

Flame Tree (Delobix regia) San Juan Street, Iloilo City Philippines

Flame Tree (Delonix regia) San Juan Street, Iloilo City Philippines

Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula) Silay, Negros Occidental, Philippines

Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula) Silay, Negros Occidental, Philippines.  In the Philippines known as Kanya Pistula, Lombayong or Bistula.

Orchid Tree "Bauhinia"

Orchid Tree “Bauhinia”

We collected fallen seed pods from the Orchid Trees planted at the Iloilo airport.  They germinated readily and the trees themselves are very fast growing and wonderfully fragrant.  Both the delicate twin-lobed leaves and the flowers are a pleasure. We planted these to shade our house from the eastern sun.  Thanks to Gail Magday for giving us a local name:  Alibangbang.   Alibangbang can refer to butterflies or to flirtatious women. Location: Panay Island Philippines.

Orchid Tree, another view

Orchid Tree, another view

tamarind

Guava, San Miguel, Iloilo, Philippines

Guava, San Miguel, Iloilo, Philippines

Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalenis), known locally as "Balete", Nogas Island, Antique Province, Philippines

Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalenis), Nogas Island, Antique Province, Philippines

Giant Balete Tree on Nogas Island.  Also called Ficus or Banyan tree – Lunok in Ilonggo. Continue walking beyond the Nogas Island lighthouse and you’ll come to this tree. This tree is thought by many Filipinos to be a home to various spirit beings, mostly troublesome. My urbane Ilonggo companions seemed a bit uncomfortable and repeatedly asked the spirits to excuse them (tabi, tabi, tabi) for intruding.
Dwarf Coconut trees line the Tigbauan-Leon Road, Tigbauan, Iloilo. Philippines

Dwarf Coconut trees line the Tigbauan-Leon Road, Tigbauan, Iloilo. Philippines

The dwarf coconut trees are amazingly fast growing.  The trees shown above are probably about three years old. They may flower and produce a prodigious number of fruit per year, as much as 250.

Yellow Bells, Yellow Trumpet Tree (Tecoma stans), Rizal Avenue, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines

Yellow Bells, Yellow Trumpet Tree (Tecoma stans), Rizal Avenue, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines

Indonesian Jasmine

This vigorous shrub, the “Soleil d’Or” (Sun of Gold) Gardenia (Gardenia gjellerupii) is very fragrant, a beautiful addition to any garden.  Locally it is incorrectly called “Indonesian Jasmine”.  It is very fragrant.  Our garden, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines.  See http://gardendrum/2013/02/10/the-golden-gardenia/

Bougainvillea, Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Bougainvillea, Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Bougainvillea is named for the French navigator Louis de Bougainville who found the plant in Brazil during the 18th century.

Potted Bougainvillea, Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Bougainvillea covered wall, Alta Vista, Cebu City, Philippines

Bougainvillea covered wall, Alta Vista, Cebu City, Philippines

Caryota or Fishtail Palm, Bacolod, Philippines

Caryota or Fishtail Palm, Bacolod, Philippines

Manila or Christmas Palm

Manila or Christmas Palm

Is this pinapple-looking fruit a Bromeliad?, Nogas Island, Antique Province, Philippines

Screw Pine (Pandanus), Nogas Island, Antique Province, Philippines

Ixora (in the Philippines, Santan). Native to India. A very common low hedge in the Philippines.

Ixora (in the Philippines, Santan). Native to India. A very common low hedge in the Philippines.

Firecracker Plant (Coral Plant), Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Firecracker Plant (Coral Plant) Russelia equisetiformis, Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines.  Native to Mexico.

Heliconia, Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Heliconia, Hanging Lobsterclaw (Heliconia rostrata). Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Heliconia "Golden Torch" - sometimes called "Bird of Paradise" . Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Heliconia “Golden Torch”, incorrectly called “Bird of Paradise”? Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Crown of Thorns (Euuphorbia milli), native of Madagascar

Crown of Thorns (Euphorbia milli), native of Madagascar, Panay Island Philippines

cupofgoldvine1

Chalice Vine, Solandra grandiflora, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines

Unknown - can you help? San Juan St., Molo, Iloilo City, Philippines

Purple Allamanda (A. violacea), a close relative of the Golden Trumpet.  San Juan St., Molo, Iloilo City, Philippines

 

Desert Rose (Adenium obesum). Native to Arabia. Highly toxic sap.

Desert Rose (Adenium obesum). Native to Arabia. Highly toxic sap. Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Golden Trumpet (Allamanda), Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Golden Trumpet (Allamanda), a vigorous vine, very popular in the Philippines. Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Bengal Trumpet Vine (Thunbergia grandiflora). Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Bengal Trumpet Vine (Thunbergia grandiflora). Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines, the only place I’ve seen this plant.

Hibiscus - called Gumamela in the Philippines.

Hibiscus – called Gumamela in the Philippines.

Hibiscus - a thousand variants of this popular and prolific flowering plant in the Philippines

Hibiscus – a thousand variants of this popular and prolific flowering plant in the Philippines

Canna Lily, Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines. A native of the Americas but popular in Philippine gardens and roadsides.

Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) The Ruins, Talisay, Bacolod, Philippines

Water Lettuce, Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), native to America.

Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), native to America.

Water Lily (Nymphaea capensis), Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Water Lily (Nymphaea capensis), Montebello Villa Hotel, Cebu City, Philippines

Guimaras Flowers

Pink Olasiman (Portulaca oleracea) aka Gulasiman, Sahikan or Ngalug in the Philippines. Guimaras Island

Flowers in Agnes' Garden, Molo, Iloilo City - anyone know what flower this is?

Purple Wreath, Queen’s Wreath or Sandpaper Vine (Petrea volubilis).

What flower?, Ayala North, Bacolod City, Negros Occidental, Philippines

Bromeliads, one of them is Bromeliad Vriesea ‘Evita’.  Ayala North, Bacolod City, Negros Occidental, Philippines

Orchid (Dendrobium?), San Miguel, Iloilo, Philippines

Orchid (Dendrobium?), San Miguel, Iloilo, Philippines

Kang Kong flowers on our Tigbauan property

Kang Kong (Ipomea aquatica) flowers on our Tigbauan property – not a garden flower exactly!  The native Kang Kong have the purplish flowers shown here whereas our “Chinese” Kang Kong has white blossoms.  Kang Kong grows profusely here and is a popular vegetable cooked in a variety of ways.  Other names in other places: Kankon (Japanese); ung choi (Cantonese Chinese); toongsin tsai (Mandarin Chinese); ong choy, ungtsai, tung choy (China); kang kong (Filipino, Malaysian); kang kung, rau muong (Vietnamese); pak bung (Thai).

Roadside "Morning Glory" - not sure of correct species.

Roadside “Morning Glory” – not sure of correct species.

Madagascar Periwinkle (Vinca rosea)

Madagascar Periwinkle (Vinca rosea)

This hardy perennial is everywhere in Tigbauan.  We transplanted this one to our lot. They grow like crazy and will self-seed everywhere.  They tolerate poor soils, drought and all forms of neglect and just keep flowering.

Vinca spreads at the back of our house and survives all the insults our dogs can dish out.

Vinca spreads at the back of our house and survives all the insults our dogs can dish out.

Next two photos.  This vigorous and showy flower is growing and self seeding all over our Philippine garden property.  It appears to be a Cosmos probably Cosmos sulphureus “Klondyke Mix“.  According to Wikipedia, “this species of Cosmos is considered a half-hardy annual, although plants may re-appear via self-sowing for several years. The plant height varies from one to seven feet. The original and its cultivars appear in shades of yellow, orange, and red. It is especially popular in Korea and Japan, where it is often seen in mass plantings along roadsides, following an initiative pursued by the Korean-Japanese botanist Woo Jang-choon.”

This plant was declared invasive by the United States Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council in 1996

What Flower1-2

 

What Flower1

Can you identify this beautiful shrub?

Thryallis (Galphimia glauca)

We bought this shrub in Villa, Iloilo.  It’s planted on our Tigbauan property.  We love it.  It just blooms and blooms. It definitely likes full sun.  http://www.floridata.com/ref/g/galp_gla.cfm Does anyone know the local Philippine name? Thanks to reader Christopher Vetrano for correcting our entry on this plant.  We thought it was Tristellateia australasie.  We were wrong!  Thanks also to “SuperJhongPales” who says, “The THRYALLIS (GALPHIMIA GLAUCA) plant is commonly called on our place as “Money Flower”. I searched for it in internet and i found out that this plant is native to Mexico and called “Shower of Gold” .Its common to us cause We do believe that  this plant brings good luck in earning money.”

Golden Arrow or Gilded Spoon (Plumeria pudica). “In the Philippines, we call Plumeria flowers Kalachuchi/kalatsutsi regardless of specie/variety.” In our garden, Tigbauan, Iloilo.   Ours grow to about 7′ tall.  When they are that tall the beautiful white blooms are hard to see.  Perhaps they should be pruned to a more bushy shape.

Another view of Plumeria pudica "Frangipani"

Another view of Plumeria pudica “Frangipani”

 

Lantana (our garden, Tigbauan, Iloilo)

Mansoa alliacea “Garlic Vine” Our garden, Tigbauan Iloilo.  One of the most spectacular garden vines.  Originally from the American tropics.

Garlic Vine on our back fence

Garlic Vine on our back fence. Panay Island.

rangoon_creeper

Rangoon Creeper (Quisqualis indica)  locally Niyog-Niyogan.  We find this climbing vine with aromatic flowers growing as a weed in our area.

We get back from the Pavia Garden shop

The annual Jaro Flower Show is a great place to buy flowers and shrubs. It’s held in early February every year at the Jaro plaza

 mystery plant

We bought this plant at a wonderful roadside rest area on the National Highway between San Jose Antique and Iloilo City, in the municipality of Hamtic.  The rest area has parking and clean restrooms.  What a rare pleasure.  They also sell plants.  Bob spotted this Coleus (Solenostemon) and it’s now planted in our garden.  Thanks to reader Joy who identified it for us!

mystery_flower_blue

Blue Plumbago (Plumbago auriculata).  Originally from South Africa, his flower is very common in our part of the Philippines, especially in hanging planters.   Thanks to Rosalie Bulandos for ID of this flower.  It’s very vigorous and in near constant bloom.

Heliconia “Firebird”, Guimaras Island

 

Fruit of our Kafir lime tree

Some people hate cilantro (coriander) and for some like us it's an essential flavor. This plant may not look like the cilantro you are accustomed to but this one grows well in the Philippine garden and tastes the same or better. It is Long Coriander (Eryngium foetidum L.). See http://gernot-katzers-spice-pages.com for lots more information.

Some people hate cilantro (coriander) and for some, like us, it’s an essential flavor. This plant may not look like the cilantro you are accustomed to but, this one grows well in the Philippine garden and tastes the same or better. It is Long Culantro (Eryngium foetidum L.). or Mexican Culantro/Cilantro.  See http://gernot-katzers-spice-pages.com for lots more information. We bought our plant at the annual Jaro garden show.  It very vigorous and easy to grow.  Pick the leaves, not the plant and trim off the spiky margins with scissors.  The plant will continuously grow new leaves.

Young cassava plant

Cassava tubers from our garden

Carol grating cassava root to make cassava suman – glutinous rice cooked in coconut milk, and steamed in banana leaves

jasmine_2

 Kopsia (Kopsia fruticosa).   Locally called a jasmine.  Pleasing open shape.  About 6′ high. In our Tigbauan, Iloilo garden.

Kopsia close up

Kopsia close up

This looks like an Ixora but it's too big. Anyone know what it is?

Heliconia wagneriana – our garden in Tigbauan, Iloilo

Croton "Stoplight" (?) Crotons are native to India. Croton “Stoplight” (?) Crotons are native to India.  An almost endless number of varieties are available in the Philippines.

breadfruit

Breadfruit fruit.  We had long wanted to have a breadfruit tree on our lot as they are an exceptionally beautiful tree, with big multi-lobe leaves.  We had been unable to find one for sale.  On a trip to Iloilo City, we saw a big breadfruit tree.  Carol spied a breadfruit lying on the sidewalk below it.  I slammed on the brakes and got out of the car to get the fruit.  Some guys were lounging there who had two more of the fruits.  They gave them to me with a smile and would not accept any payment.  We were excited to get home, extract the seeds and plant them. Carol sliced the fruit open.  There were no seeds!  A bit of internet research told us that that some breadfruit varieties are seedless and have to be propagated by other means.  A few weeks later we saw a breadfruit at the market.  This one proved to be the seeded type.  We planted the seeds and the germinated quickly.

 

Our baby breadfruit tree, in a few years to grown up to be a beautiful tree in our front yard

Our baby breadfruit tree, in a few years hopefully it will grow up to be a beautiful shade tree in our front yard.

After a year our little Breadfruit is thriving

After a year our little Breadfruit is thriving.  The specks you see above the tree are dragonflies.

Its Ginger... Zingiber spectabile common name is Beehive Ginger, Nodding Gingerwort Thanks to Christopher Vetrano for the ID and for the phot

Its Ginger… Zingiber spectabile common name is Beehive Ginger, Nodding Gingerwort
Thanks to Christopher Vetrano for the ID and Joel for the photo.

Here are a couple of plants we need help with identifying.

Can Lily of the Valley really be living here? This is at Sol y Mar Resort in Tigbauan, Iloilo

Can Lily of the Valley really be living here? This is at Sol y Mar Resort in Tigbauan, Iloilo

pandamus_possibly1

This is in our own yard.  Thanks to Chris and Glenda Newhall, Mirisbiris Garden and Nature Center. Salvacion, Sto Domingo, Albay, 4508 Philippines for help in the identification of this plant as a Osmoxylon.  See also Miagos Bush Osmoxylon lineare – Dave’s Garden davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/140762/

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  1. Thanks! This article is informative. Got to appreciate the plants just growing in our yard ?

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